Survival shelter and how to build the best shelter for your situation.
Survival shelter and how to build the best shelter for your situation.
When it comes to choosing a bug out shelter there are many things to consider.
If it comes down to the point where you have to utilize your bug out shelter then it means that you have bugged out and had to abandon your homestead.
I think we can all agree that in the event of an emergency or a shtf scenario going to the nearest FEMA camp or “convention center” is probably the worst decision that one could make.
So the only other options we are left with are to find shelter i.e. someones cabin or house or you can take your safety into your own hands and have your own bug out shelter.
You never know when the occasion to bug out may arise. We can’t plan shtf around weather and weather is a huge part of survival. Lets face it mother nature does not plan herself around our events or lives. When the times comes to bug out it may be a balmy 70 degrees with sun shine and not a cloud in sight or it might be rainy, storming and miserable outside.
Having a portable shelter is probably one of the best things you can invest in. Shelter is a primal need for humans. Without a shelter or home base we can suffer greatly not only from the elements but mentally as well. Having a shelter can make you feel more secure and when your spirits are up survival is much easier.
There are several options when it comes to a survival shelter. I will list all of the options that are the best in my opinion and go into a bit more detail on each one.
Pros: A tarp is probably one of the most underestimated elements when it comes to creating a shelter. A lot of people consider it a crude shelter because of the lack of flooring provided as well as the lack of 4 sides. A tarp in my option is one of the most flexible shelters out there.
With a tarp you can create a shelter just about anywhere. It is basically a free form shelter that you can set up in places that a tent or other shelter won’t work. With a tarp you can make a fire fairly close to the tarp and trap the heat from the fire to warm yourself and dry your gear. They are also one the most compact and packable shelters.
Cons: When using a tarp as shelter you really need to pay attention to drainage as well as the direction of the wind when setting it up. The shelters you make with a tarp will not protect you from bugs or windblown debris or snow.
My top pick for shelter tarps is the Siltarp Ultralite Tarp – 1P
Pros: This combination is super quick to set up camp with. I really like that with these you can set your shelter up really low profile and stealth. As compared to other options this combination is very small when packed and can be broken down very quickly if you should need to exit quickly.
Cons: When it comes to bivy’s you really need to be ok with small spaces. Also a bivy has extremely limited visibility which can be very dangerous in certain situations. The bivy also relies on poles to get its shape which can take up room in your pack.
My top pick for a bivy is the Military Modular Sleep System with Goretex Bivy
Pros: If you get a good hammock you can really have a superior shelter system for yourself. I have a Hennessy Explorer Deluxe Asym and I have used it many times and love it. This shelter gives you much more protection from bugs, wildlife and the elements.
There have many times when I have been hiking that I found more perfectly spaces trees for my hammock than flat dry ground for my buddies tent. This survival shelter can be set up quickly and broken down quickly. It will give you a much better nights sleep off the ground. If you have a hammock with a larger rain-fly then you can even have a second person lay beneath you like a bunk bed.
Cons: Hanging a hammock created a much higher profile than a tarp or bivy. Also hammocks seem to work best in only three of the four seasons. They really are not made for winter going.
By the time you get your hammock ready to go out in winter it will be extremely heavy and you might be better off with a different shelter. There is also a bit of a learning curve when it come to setting up a hammock and sleeping in one.
My top pick is the Hennessy Explorer Deluxe Asym
Pros: All of the new tents on the market are ridiculously easy to set up in a flash. A traditional tent will give you much more protection from the weather and elements. With tents you really have a tone to choose from, you can get a 3 season tent or a 4 season tent that’s a bit heavier.
There are so many options that really anyone can find a tent that suits their individual needs and wants. Having 4 walls around you even if they are nothing more than thin fabric can make people feel much more comfortable and safe. They are also great if you are in an area that has lots of bugs.
Cons: Most all of the tents that are out there are a single shape that has a designated footprint. This makes them a bit more of a pain if your location is rocky or you need to set up somewhere smaller.
The flexibility of a tent is a major con for me. Also a tent has decreased visibility which can lead to problems as well.
My top pick is the Usmc Marine Combat Tent Military Issue
Pros: If you are in an area that sees freezing temps during winter one of these shelters is pretty hard to resist. The main advantage of this bug out shelter is of course the heat. You basically use a wood burning stove to heat the shelter, cook food, boil drinking water and even dry out your gear.
You can do all f these things regardless of the weather outside which is a huge bonus. During winter survival these are priceless for moral, safety and overall survival. They also work during other times of the year.
Cons: This is by far the heaviest of all shelters. There is a bit more skill required when setting up this shelter as well as learning to operate the stove.
Most of these shelters do not have floors so bugs can be a problem. This survival shelter takes much more time to setup and collect wood than any of the other shelters on the list.
My personal opinion is that bugging in is the best for my family and I but it the need ever does arrive when we need to get the heck out of dodge then having a good shelter is essential. In preparedness the motto is always better to be safe than sorry.
This type of survival shelter provides you with a very low silhouette. It also protects you from the natural elements from both sides. The only down side is there is less usable space and observation than the lean-to. This can decrease your reaction time to enemy detection. This is also a very easy survival shelter to build. All you need is a poncho, 2 1.5-2.5 meter ropes, 6 sharpened sticks that are around 30cm long and 2 trees 2-3 meters apart.
To make this survival shelter tent:
Now with this survival shelter you might need some extra support for the center. You can easily fix this by creating an A-frame set outside and over the tent. You just need to use 2 90-120cm long sticks. Make sure one had a forked end to help from the A-frame. Tue the hoods drawstring to the A-frame to support the center of the tent.
Even though this is a much more protected survival shelter make sure that enemy observation is not essential. You will have much less visibility so keep that in mind when building this type of shelter, This goes for areas where there is a lot of wild animals or other things that you will want to keep an eye on. With that kept in mind this is a great simple survival shelter. As long as you have some rope and a poncho you will be able to keep yourself fairy secure and warm with a poncho tent.
I highly suggest adding some insulation to the bottom of this shelter as well. Even though it will protect you much better from the cold you will still need to conserve body heat. Since you lose 80% of your body heat to the ground you will need to stuff the bottom with leaves, pine needles or anything else you can find that will work as insulation. Also keep in mind to build this survival shelter small and to fit your body and gear but no more, you don’t want to expend so much body heat only to lose it due to a large survival shelter.
When thinking about building survival shelter there are a few things to keep in mind.
How much time and effort you need to build the shelter, will the shelter adequately protect you from the elements, do you have the tools to build that survival shelter and do you have the type and amount of materials need to build it?
These are the most important questions you need to ask before you start and survival shelter. Here is a list and description of different survival shelters.
This type of survival shelter is a very quick shelter to build. It requires minimal equipment to build as well.
All you need for this shelter is a poncho, 2-3 meters of rope or parachute cord, three stakes about 30 cm long and 2 trees or pole about 2-3 meters apart. Before you pick your trees out or put your poles in make sure to check the wind direction.
Make sure the back of your lean-to will be into the wind.
To make the Survival shelter lean to:
For extra protection and safety form the elements place some brush or your other gear and the sides of the lean-to.
Also remember you lose 80% of your body heat to the ground while you sleep so put some type of insulating material like leaves or pine needles in your lean-to.
To create a more secure and low profile lean-to make tow easy changes, This will lower your silhouette and help camouflage your survival shelter from enemies.
Secure the support line to the trees at knee height using two knee-high sticks in the two center grommets, then angel the poncho to the ground securing it with sharp sticks and now you have a great survival shelter.