Field Manuals: fm 3-05-301 Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques
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Field Manuals: FM 3-05-301 Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques
All military action is intertwined with psychological forces and effects.
Carl von Clausewitz On War, 1827
PSYOP are planned operations that convey selected information and
indicators to foreign target audiences (TAs) to influence their emotions,
motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately, the behavior of foreign
governments, organizations, groups, and individuals.
The purpose of all
PSYOP is to create in neutral, friendly, or hostile foreign groups the
emotions, attitudes, or desired behavior that support the achievement of
U.S. national objectives and the military mission. In doing so, PSYOP
influence not only policy and decisions, but also the ability to govern, the
ability to command, the will to fight, the will to obey, and the will to
The combination of PSYOP products and actions create in the
selected TAs a behavior that supports U.S. national policy objectives and
the theater commander’s intentions at the strategic, operational, and
The nature of PSYOP is varied and ever changing. PSYOP personnel
must support a broad range of missions and force structures in
environments ranging from austere to highly sophisticated. PSYOP are
planned, coordinated, and executed before, during, and after conflicts,
and must be integrated at all echelons to achieve its full force-multiplier
A force multiplier of special operations forces (SOF), PSYOP forces are
assigned to the United States Special Operations Command
(USSOCOM), based on the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols Department of
Defense (DOD) Reorganization Act.
PSYOP units deploy to conduct
missions in support of geographic combatant commanders and their
subordinate joint task force (JTF) and component commanders. PSYOP
forces may also support U.S. Ambassadors, allies, alliance and coalition
partners, and other government agencies (OGAs).
Survival-SHTF-Guide: fm 3-05-301 Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques
1-3. PSYOP are conducted at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels of
war to influence foreign audiences. PSYOP forces provide a nonlethal
capability in conveying information to selected TAs and governments to
influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and behavior. PSYOP
Soldiers perform the following five principal missions to meet the intent of
the supported commander:
• Advise the commander on Psychological Operations actions (PSYACTs),
PSYOP enabling actions, and targeting restrictions that the military
force will execute. These actions and restrictions minimize adverse
impacts and unintended consequences, attack the enemy’s will to
resist, and enhance successful mission accomplishment.
• Influence foreign populations by expressing information subjectively to
influence attitudes and behavior, and to obtain compliance or
noninterference. These actions facilitate military operations, minimize
needless loss of life and collateral damage, and further the objectives of
the United States and its allies.
• Provide public information to foreign populations to support
humanitarian activities, restore or reinforce legitimacy, ease suffering,
and maintain or restore civil order.
• Serve as the supported commander’s voice to foreign populations to
convey intent and establish credibility.
• Counter enemy propaganda, misinformation, disinformation, and
opposing information to portray friendly intent and actions correctly
and positively, thus denying others the ability to polarize public
opinion and political will against the United States and its allies.
The PSYOP capabilities in the field and abroad, include equipment, intelligence,
solders of the army and others, to achieve objectives and doctrine and influence
the audience with special forces and others. Psychological warfare and psychological
operations include propaganda and other techniques to target the foreign nation.
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