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Field Manuals: Essential Survival Guide FM 3-05-70

Field Manuals: Essential Survival Guide FM 3-05-70

This is the essential field manual on survival. Survivalists need this resource for everything about survival in the urban area and the wilderness or country. Tactics techniques and procedures on every survive situation.

This field manual, or FM is a handbook that is absolutely needed in the library of manuals concerning SHTF or Preppers everywhere.

Preface

As a soldier, you can be sent to any area of the world. It may be in a temperate, tropical, arctic, or subarctic region. You expect to have all your personal equipment and your unit members with you wherever you go. However, there is no guarantee it will be so.

You could find yourself alone in a remote area—possibly enemy territory—with little or no personal gear. This manual provides information and describes basic techniques that will enable you to survive and return alive should you find yourself in such a
situation.

If you are a trainer, use this information as a base on which to build survival training. You know the areas.

Which your unit is likely to deploy, the means by which it will travel, and the territory through which it will travel. Read what this manual says about survival in those particular areas and find out all you can about those areas. Read other books on survival. Develop a survival-training program that will enable your unit members to meet any survival situation they may face. It can make the difference between life and death.

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION . 1-1 Survival Actions . 1-1 Pattern for Survival 1-5 Chapter 2 PSYCHOLOGY OF SURVIVAL 2-1 A Look at Stress 2-2 Natural Reactions 2-6 Preparing Yourself . 2-9 Chapter 3 SURVIVAL PLANNING AND SURVIVAL KITS 3-1 Importance of Planning 3-2 Survival Kits .

3-3 Chapter 4 BASIC SURVIVAL MEDICINE4-1 Requirements for Maintenance of Health 4-1 Medical Emergencies.4-8 Lifesaving Steps.4-9 Bone and Joint Injury .4-18 Bites and Stings .4-21 Wounds. 4-27 Environmental Injuries .4-32 Herbal Medicines .4-35 Chapter 5 SHELTERS5-1

Essential Survival Guide FM 3-05-70

SHTF Survival


Field Manuals: fm 6-02.74 HF-ALE HIGH FREQUENCY AUTOMATIC LINK ESTABLISHMENT RADIOS

Field Manuals: fm 6-02.74 HF-ALE HIGH FREQUENCY AUTOMATIC LINK ESTABLISHMENT RADIOS

Propagation describes how radio signals radiate outward from a transmitting source. A radio transmitter’s antenna emits radio waves much like the wave motion formed by dropping a stone in a pool of water.

This action is simple to imagine for radio waves that travel in a straight line in free space. The true path radio waves take, and how the earth’s atmosphere affects these waves, is more complex.

2. Earth’s Atmosphere The earth’s atmosphere is divided into three separate regions. The layers are the troposphere, the stratosphere, and the ionosphere. Most of the earth’s weather takes place in the troposphere, which extends from the earth’s surface to about 10 miles up. The weather variations in temperature, density, and pressure have a great effect on the propagation of radio waves. The stratosphere, which extends from roughly 10 to 30 miles up, has little effect on radio wave propagation.

The ionosphere, which extends from 30 to approximately 375 miles up, contains up to four cloud-like layers of electrically charged ions. It is this region and its ionized layers that enable radio waves to be propagated great distances. The ionosphere, and how it effects radio wave propagation, is discussed on page I-2. 3. Types of Propagation There are two basic modes of propagation: ground waves and sky waves.

Ground waves travel along the surface of the earth and are used primarily for short-range communications. Sky waves, reflected by the ionosphere, are “bounced” or reflected back to earth and provide a long-haul communications path, as well as short-range (0 to 180 miles or 300 kilometers [km]) communication in mountainous terrain.

a. Ground Waves. Ground waves consist of three components: surface waves, direct waves, and ground-reflected waves.

(1) Surface Waves. Surface waves travel along the surface of the earth, reaching beyond the horizon. Eventually, surface wave energy is absorbed by the earth. The effective range of surface waves is largely determined by the frequency and conductivity of the surface over which the waves travel.

Bodies of water and flat land have the least amount of absorption, while desert and jungle areas have the greatest. For a given complement of equipment, the range may extend from 200 to 250 miles over a conductive, all-sea-water path.

Survival-SHTF-Guide: fm 6-02.74 HF-ALE HIGH FREQUENCY AUTOMATIC LINK ESTABLISHMENT RADIOS

Automatic Link Establishment Overview Automatic link establishment (ALE) is a communication system that permits HF radio stations to call and link on the best HF channel automatically without operator assistance.

Typically, ALE systems make use of recently measured radio channel characteristics stored in a memory matrix to select the best frequency. The system works much like a telephone in that each radio in a network is assigned an address (similar to a call sign). When not in use, each radio receiver constantly scans through its assigned frequencies, listening for calls addressed to it.

1. ALE Linking Sequence a. To reach a specific station, the radio operator simply enters an address, just like dialing a telephone number. The radio consults its memory matrix and selects the best available assigned frequency. It then sends out a brief digital message containing the identification (ID) of the destination.

When the receiving station hears its address, it stops scanning and stays on that frequency. The two stations automatically conduct a “handshake” to confirm that a link is established, and they are ready to communicate (see figure II-I). Figure II-1.

ALE Linking Sequence b. The receiving station, which has been squelched, will emit an audible alert and/or a visual indication of the ALE address of the station that called to alert the operator of an incoming call. At the conclusion of the call, either operator can “hang-up” or terminate the link;

a disconnect signal is sent to the other station and they each return to the scanning mode. The HF High Frequency in HF communications involve both LQA radios and multi-service channel radios.

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Field Manuals: AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY BRIGADE OPERATIONS FM 3-01.7

Field Manuals: AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY BRIGADE OPERATIONS FM 3-01.7

THE ARMY MISSION
1-1. The mission of the United States Army is to protect and defend the
Constitution of the United States of America. The Army does this by
deterring war and, when deterrence fails, by achieving quick, decisive victory
- on and off the battlefield – anywhere in the world and under virtually any
conditions as part of a joint team. It does this by fulfilling its directed
function of organizing, equipping, and training ready forces. The US national
military strategy relies on an ability to rapidly deploy, employ, and sustain a
joint force anywhere on the globe. This means that the conditions of Army
operations can range from peace operations to high intensity conflict. These
operations can occur in nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC)
environments, in all types of terrain, weather, and climate.

Survival-SHTF-Guide: AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY BRIGADE OPERATIONS FM 3-01.7

THE ADA BRIGADE ROLE IN ARMY OPERATIONS
1-2. The air defense artillery brigade is essential to the Army’s theater and
corps air and missile defense mission. It provides a focal point for the ADA
defense design and promotes air and missile defense unity of effort within the
theater. The ADA brigade focuses on protection of joint forces and theater
assets. The ADA brigade provides force protection to maneuver units and
other critical assets according to mission defense priorities. Air defense
weapon systems of the ADA brigade provide responsive, day and night, all
weather, all-altitude protection from aerial threats.

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