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Field Manuals: Essential Survival Guide FM 3-05-70

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Field Manuals: Essential Survival Guide FM 3-05-70

This is the essential field manual on survival. Survivalists need this resource for everything about survival in the urban area and the wilderness or country. Tactics techniques and procedures on every survive situation.

This field manual, or FM is a handbook that is absolutely needed in the library of manuals concerning SHTF or Preppers everywhere.


As a soldier, you can be sent to any area of the world. It may be in a temperate, tropical, arctic, or subarctic region. You expect to have all your personal equipment and your unit members with you wherever you go. However, there is no guarantee it will be so.

You could find yourself alone in a remote area—possibly enemy territory—with little or no personal gear. This manual provides information and describes basic techniques that will enable you to survive and return alive should you find yourself in such a

If you are a trainer, use this information as a base on which to build survival training. You know the areas.

Which your unit is likely to deploy, the means by which it will travel, and the territory through which it will travel. Read what this manual says about survival in those particular areas and find out all you can about those areas. Read other books on survival. Develop a survival-training program that will enable your unit members to meet any survival situation they may face. It can make the difference between life and death.

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION . 1-1 Survival Actions . 1-1 Pattern for Survival 1-5 Chapter 2 PSYCHOLOGY OF SURVIVAL 2-1 A Look at Stress 2-2 Natural Reactions 2-6 Preparing Yourself . 2-9 Chapter 3 SURVIVAL PLANNING AND SURVIVAL KITS 3-1 Importance of Planning 3-2 Survival Kits .

3-3 Chapter 4 BASIC SURVIVAL MEDICINE4-1 Requirements for Maintenance of Health 4-1 Medical Emergencies.4-8 Lifesaving Steps.4-9 Bone and Joint Injury .4-18 Bites and Stings .4-21 Wounds. 4-27 Environmental Injuries .4-32 Herbal Medicines .4-35 Chapter 5 SHELTERS5-1

Essential Survival Guide FM 3-05-70

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Operations and ARSOF

This chapter describes the range of military operations, characteristics of
ARSOF units and their missions, and considerations for their
employment. It provides an overview of concepts addressed in FM 3-05
(FM 100-25). The fundamental purpose of ARSOF intelligence operations
is to provide the commander with the information required to visualize
the adversary and the environment. This support will enable ARSOF to
successfully conduct worldwide special operations (SO) throughout the
range of military operations supporting the geographic combatant
commanders, American ambassadors and their country teams, and other
government agencies.


1-1. ARSOF are specifically organized, trained, and equipped to conduct SO
independently or in conjunction with the operations of Army conventional
forces, joint forces, and/or combined forces. ARSOF support the national
security strategy by:

• Enhancing security with their unique military capabilities.
• Promoting prosperity by supporting global and domestic stability.
• Promoting security through the development and preservation of


1-2. ARSOF conduct operations throughout the range of military operations
(war and MOOTW). ARSOF provide geographic combatant commanders
additional means to shape the environment and respond to crises, while
preparing for future requirements (Figure 1-1, page 1-2). ARSOF can support
the joint force commander (JFC) at all levels—strategic, operational, or
tactical—as follows:

• The strategic level concerns the broadest aspects of national and
theater policy. Decisions at this level reflect national and multinational
goals, integrate all the instruments of national power, provide forces,
and determine constraints and restraints on their use. The National
Command Authorities (NCA) and the geographic combatant
commanders determine the strategic-national and strategic-theater
objectives and the manner of use of military means to achieve them.
The NCA or the geographic combatant commanders may directly or
indirectly (through subordinate commanders) employ ARSOF in
pursuit of these objectives.



1-4. War is large-scale, sustained combat between nations or organized
groups within a nation. War involves regular and irregular forces in a series
of connected battles and campaigns to achieve vital national, tribal, or ethnic
objectives. War may be limited, with some self-imposed restraints on
resources or objectives. It also may be general, with the total resources of a
nation or nations employed and the survival of the nation at stake.
1-5. ARSOF can support a JFC in war through the conduct of a variety of
offense, defense, stability, and support actions. These actions may either
directly accomplish the JFC’s objectives or indirectly attain these objectives
through the directed support to other subordinate forces of the JFC. In war,
ARSOF are not normally the main effort, but rather supporting forces to the
major air, land, and maritime combat forces.

1-6. SO missions may require unorthodox approaches, but these approaches
do not negate the traditional principles of war. Rather, they place a different
emphasis on their combination or relative importance. In some SO missions,
surprise achieved through speed, stealth, audacity, deception, and new
tactics or techniques can be far more effective and efficient than traditional
conventional tactics that are based on massed firepower and tactical
maneuvers. The following discussion of the principles of war highlights their
application to ARSOF.


1-7. Direct every military operation toward a clearly defined, decisive, and
attainable objective. ARSOF objectives are as much political, economic, and
informational as they are military in nature. ARSOF planners must avoid
adding a secondary objective by balancing risks versus gain. They must have
a clear understanding of the capabilities and limitations of ARSOF. The
addition of secondary objectives erodes the definition and decisiveness of the
primary objective. The intelligence and mission support area of operation capabilities, military, army, and soldiers in the theater of ops. Training of wartime scenarios and other detachment force strength battalion skills…


1-8. Seize, retain, and exploit the initiative. ARSOF are inherently offensive
in nature because they seek to strike or engage an adversary to compel,
deter, or counter his actions. The strike or engagement conducted by ARSOF
may take place alongside or by effect of a surrogate force. This force may be
one that ARSOF has previously trained or is currently training. CA and
PSYOP exploit the initiative by gaining the support of the civilians in the area
of operations (AO).

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Field Manuals: fm 3-04.120 Air Traffic Services Operations

Field Manuals: fm 3-04.120 Air Traffic Services Operations

Chapter 1: Air Traffic Services Operations
Organization and Missions

Over the last century, warfare became increasingly complex. Army organizations changed from large division sized organizations to today’s brigade-based combined arms teams. To meet this challenge ATS organizations have undergone a transformation to better enable aviation to meet the requirements of the changing battlefront. ATS organizations are now designed to efficiently support Army aviation and joint, inter-agency, interdepartmental, and multinational (JIIM) forces. ATS organizations enable safe and efficient use of positive and procedural control measures with a designated airfield management structure managing high-density and congested airfields at theater level. The organizational tenets for this design are doctrinally balanced, logistically supportable, modernized, multifunctional, and modular.

Survival-SHTF-Guide: Field Manuals: fm 3-04.120 Air Traffic Services Operations

1-11. An ATS company supports CABs by providing terminal area and en route airspace information and control services. ATS companies provide services to support CABs throughout full spectrum operations. ATS companies are composed of a control tower, ground control approach (GCA), airspace information center (AIC), and two tactical aviation control teams (TACTs). They also deploy as part of the CAB and are an integral part of the brigade’s readiness.
1-12. ATS companies have the following capabilities:

•Deployable within 96 hours of notification, and are equipped and capable of operations in any environment.

•Control tower operations upon 30 minutes of arrival in an area of operation (AO) and become fully operational within 1 hour of arrival.

•Provide self-sustaining operations for 72 hours upon arrival in an AO.

•TACTs in austere/tactical environment operational 15 minutes after arrival in an AO.

•Support aircraft recovery operations including personnel recovery, medical evacuation (MEDEVAC), and assistance to aircraft in distress (battle damage, inclement weather, and disoriented aircraft). Air Traffic Services Operations

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