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Field Manuals: fm 3-04.120 Air Traffic Services Operations

Field Manuals: fm 3-04.120 Air Traffic Services Operations

Chapter 1: Air Traffic Services Operations
Organization and Missions

Over the last century, warfare became increasingly complex. Army organizations changed from large division sized organizations to today’s brigade-based combined arms teams. To meet this challenge ATS organizations have undergone a transformation to better enable aviation to meet the requirements of the changing battlefront. ATS organizations are now designed to efficiently support Army aviation and joint, inter-agency, interdepartmental, and multinational (JIIM) forces. ATS organizations enable safe and efficient use of positive and procedural control measures with a designated airfield management structure managing high-density and congested airfields at theater level. The organizational tenets for this design are doctrinally balanced, logistically supportable, modernized, multifunctional, and modular.

Survival-SHTF-Guide: Field Manuals: fm 3-04.120 Air Traffic Services Operations

1-11. An ATS company supports CABs by providing terminal area and en route airspace information and control services. ATS companies provide services to support CABs throughout full spectrum operations. ATS companies are composed of a control tower, ground control approach (GCA), airspace information center (AIC), and two tactical aviation control teams (TACTs). They also deploy as part of the CAB and are an integral part of the brigade’s readiness.
1-12. ATS companies have the following capabilities:

•Deployable within 96 hours of notification, and are equipped and capable of operations in any environment.

•Control tower operations upon 30 minutes of arrival in an area of operation (AO) and become fully operational within 1 hour of arrival.

•Provide self-sustaining operations for 72 hours upon arrival in an AO.

•TACTs in austere/tactical environment operational 15 minutes after arrival in an AO.

•Support aircraft recovery operations including personnel recovery, medical evacuation (MEDEVAC), and assistance to aircraft in distress (battle damage, inclement weather, and disoriented aircraft). Air Traffic Services Operations

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Field Manuals: US Army FM 21-31 – Topographic Symbols

Field Manuals: US Army FM 21-31 – Topographic Symbols

23.1. Joint Operations Graphics

a. Purpose and Scope. Joint Operations Graphics are produced in both ground and air versions. The ground version is designated as Series 1501; the air version is designated as Series 1501 AIR. Both versions are designed to provide common base graphics for use in combined operations by the ground and air forces of allied nations. The topographic information is identical on both the ground and air versions.

b. Unit of Vertical Measure. On the ground version, elevation and contour values are shown in meters. These values are converted to foot units on the air version.

c. Aeronautical Information. Both versions contain identical information regarding aerodromes and obstructions to pilotage. The air version contains additional information concerning aids to air navigation.

d. Shaded Relief. Both versions contain an identical representation of shading, to provide a rapid recognition of slope and landforms. The shading also serves as a means of correlating contours and elevations, with emphasis on the more significant terrain features.

e. Elevation Tints. Both versions contain a representative system of color tints which depict areas of the same elevation range. A key box on each version indicates the elevation ranges and their corresponding color tints. j. Symbols. The following approved symbols for Joint Operations Graphics are in addition to, or different from, the standard medium-scale symbols shown in figures 1 through 242

Survival-SHTF-Guide: US Army FM 21-31 – Topographic Symbols


This manual describes the topographic symbols and abbreviations authorized for use by all echelons in the interpretation of military maps, overlays, and related features and activities. 2. Scope This manual is divided into four chapters. a.

Chapter 1 contains general information on the use of topographic symbols, gives the basic scales for topographic maps, defines topographic maps, and discusses map detail, map accuracy, and map colors. b.

Chapter 2 gives examples and illustrations of topographic symbols arranged by categories, such as d r a i n a g e features, relief features, and roads. c. Chapter 3 gives topographic abbreviations, their scope and application. d.

Chapter 4 discusses marginal information. 3. References Appendix I is a list of publications which give detailed information on maps and mapping, foreign conventional signs and symbols, reference data for the various services, transportation and signal facilities, and abbreviations for administrative and electrically transmitted messages.

4. Symbols and Abbreviations a. Some of the symbols appearing on published maps may not agree entirely with those shown in this manual, since it is necessary to devise or modify symbols to portray conditions or features which are unique to the area being mapped. Consequently, before any map is used, the symbol legend appearing in the margin should be carefully studied.

The contours of a map and topo map from the USGS or other, shape, roads and features, lakes, vegetation, elevation gains, scale, railroad boundaries and other map symbology is all included in this download.

Us Army Field Manuals, tactics techniques and procedures, field manual should be excellent resource for your SHTF collection! These military field manuals or guides, US army manuals or military manuals are all FREE download manuals.

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1-1. The mission of the United States Army is to protect and defend the
Constitution of the United States of America. The Army does this by
deterring war and, when deterrence fails, by achieving quick, decisive victory
- on and off the battlefield – anywhere in the world and under virtually any
conditions as part of a joint team. It does this by fulfilling its directed
function of organizing, equipping, and training ready forces. The US national
military strategy relies on an ability to rapidly deploy, employ, and sustain a
joint force anywhere on the globe. This means that the conditions of Army
operations can range from peace operations to high intensity conflict. These
operations can occur in nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC)
environments, in all types of terrain, weather, and climate.


1-2. The air defense artillery brigade is essential to the Army’s theater and
corps air and missile defense mission. It provides a focal point for the ADA
defense design and promotes air and missile defense unity of effort within the
theater. The ADA brigade focuses on protection of joint forces and theater
assets. The ADA brigade provides force protection to maneuver units and
other critical assets according to mission defense priorities. Air defense
weapon systems of the ADA brigade provide responsive, day and night, all
weather, all-altitude protection from aerial threats.

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