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Field Manuals: fm 3-11 MULTISERVICE TACTICS FOR NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL DEFENSE OPERATIONS

Field Manuals: fm 3-11 MULTISERVICE TACTICS FOR NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL DEFENSE OPERATIONS

Counterproliferation Operations

The US military response to the threat, and actual use of NBC weapons is
counterproliferation. Counterproliferation is a multitiered, integrated approach intended to
deter NBC use and enable US forces to survive, fight, and win in an NBC environment.
Counterproliferation is built on four core capabilities: counterforce, active defense, passive
defense, and consequence management;

it is also enhanced by military support to
nonproliferation efforts. It includes the activities of the Department of Defense (DOD)
across the full range of US government (USG) efforts to combat proliferation (see Figure I-
1). Commanders at all levels are responsible for the integration and synchronization of
these four core capabilities into their overall operations in support of national
nonproliferation and counterproliferation objectives.

a. Counterproliferation exists across a sequence of mutually supporting operations
that form a continuum of interrelated activities that employ both offensive and defensive
measures. The success of efforts in one area impacts other functions throughout the
operational cycle. The focus of this publication is passive defense.

An awareness of how
passive defense fits within the counterproliferation operations concept is important because
passive defense operations can be impacted by the other three core capabilities.

Survival-SHTF-Guide: fm 3-11 MULTISERVICE TACTICS FOR NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, AND CHEMICAL DEFENSE OPERATIONS

Maintaining Preparedness

Maintaining military preparedness for potential operations in NBC environments
presents significant challenges and places extraordinary demands on commanders at all
echelons for a clear understanding of potential threats and the requirements for unity of
effort among US forces (service, interagency, joint, multiservice, and multinational) in the
US and abroad.

Threat assessment includes overseas areas of potential conflict as well as
US territory, with particular attention to the civilian infrastructure, military forces, types
of hazards that may be encountered (i.e., low-level exposure hazards), and facilities needed
to support the range of military operations.

Preparedness includes visibly and successfully
exercising service, joint, multinational, and interagency plans that demonstrate the
capability to operate in NBC environments because the use of NBC weapons could impact
strategic, operational, or tactical operations.

a. Background. Maintaining preparedness may include combat operations and
MOOTW such as peace operations, foreign humanitarian assistance, and other military
support to civil authorities (MSCA). This environment presents numerous opportunities for
US military operations to encounter antagonists possessing NBC weapons or toxic
materials.

b. Low-Level Exposure. In addition to the employment of NBC weapons by a threat,
maintaining preparedness includes being alert to other dangerous hazards that can persist
in the AO. Prevalent among those hazards are low-level radiation (LLR), depleted uranium
(DU), TIM, and biological agents (covertly or accidentally dispersed).

An LLR threat can
exist in certain expended munitions, damaged or destroyed equipment, or contaminated
shrapnel—as well as inadequate nuclear waste disposal, deterioration of nuclear power
facilities, or damage to facilities that routinely use radioactive material. LLR produces longterm
radiation exposure health consequences for personnel. DU found in munitions does
not present significant hazards as long as the round is intact.

However, care must be taken around vehicles that have been hit by DU rounds or fires where DU munitions are involved because inhalation and ingestion of DU dust and residue present a health hazard. TIM are often present in enormous quantities in the AO and can be released from industrial plants, transport containers, or storage facilities through battle damage or used as a desperation
measure during military operations.

The multiservice CBRN and other FM and MCWP of the army and NBC technique are contained, for
download and SS in FM 4, FM 7, FM 100 and c-1 protection doctrines.

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Field Manuals: US Army FM 21-31 – Topographic Symbols

Field Manuals: US Army FM 21-31 – Topographic Symbols

23.1. Joint Operations Graphics

a. Purpose and Scope. Joint Operations Graphics are produced in both ground and air versions. The ground version is designated as Series 1501; the air version is designated as Series 1501 AIR. Both versions are designed to provide common base graphics for use in combined operations by the ground and air forces of allied nations. The topographic information is identical on both the ground and air versions.

b. Unit of Vertical Measure. On the ground version, elevation and contour values are shown in meters. These values are converted to foot units on the air version.

c. Aeronautical Information. Both versions contain identical information regarding aerodromes and obstructions to pilotage. The air version contains additional information concerning aids to air navigation.

d. Shaded Relief. Both versions contain an identical representation of shading, to provide a rapid recognition of slope and landforms. The shading also serves as a means of correlating contours and elevations, with emphasis on the more significant terrain features.

e. Elevation Tints. Both versions contain a representative system of color tints which depict areas of the same elevation range. A key box on each version indicates the elevation ranges and their corresponding color tints. j. Symbols. The following approved symbols for Joint Operations Graphics are in addition to, or different from, the standard medium-scale symbols shown in figures 1 through 242

Survival-SHTF-Guide: US Army FM 21-31 – Topographic Symbols

Purpose

This manual describes the topographic symbols and abbreviations authorized for use by all echelons in the interpretation of military maps, overlays, and related features and activities. 2. Scope This manual is divided into four chapters. a.

Chapter 1 contains general information on the use of topographic symbols, gives the basic scales for topographic maps, defines topographic maps, and discusses map detail, map accuracy, and map colors. b.

Chapter 2 gives examples and illustrations of topographic symbols arranged by categories, such as d r a i n a g e features, relief features, and roads. c. Chapter 3 gives topographic abbreviations, their scope and application. d.

Chapter 4 discusses marginal information. 3. References Appendix I is a list of publications which give detailed information on maps and mapping, foreign conventional signs and symbols, reference data for the various services, transportation and signal facilities, and abbreviations for administrative and electrically transmitted messages.

4. Symbols and Abbreviations a. Some of the symbols appearing on published maps may not agree entirely with those shown in this manual, since it is necessary to devise or modify symbols to portray conditions or features which are unique to the area being mapped. Consequently, before any map is used, the symbol legend appearing in the margin should be carefully studied.

The contours of a map and topo map from the USGS or other, shape, roads and features, lakes, vegetation, elevation gains, scale, railroad boundaries and other map symbology is all included in this download.

Us Army Field Manuals, tactics techniques and procedures, field manual should be excellent resource for your SHTF collection! These military field manuals or guides, US army manuals or military manuals are all FREE download manuals.

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Field Manuals: fm 3-05-302 Tactical Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

Field Manuals: fm 3-05-302 Tactical Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

Introduction to Tactical Psychological Operations

The mission of PSYOP is the same mission at all operational levels—to influence the behavior of foreign target audiences (TAs) to support U.S. national objectives.

Tactical PSYOP forces provide supported commanders a nonlethal fires capability to change the behavior of a local populace or adversary force in any environment. PSYOP support encompasses the planning, analysis, development, design, approval, production, distribution, dissemination, and evaluation of PSYOP series across the operational spectrum. At the tactical level, PSYOP forces are the supported commander’s most effective capability for communicating with foreign TAs. Whether providing information during foreign humanitarian assistance (FHA) operations or broadcasting surrender instructions while supporting combat operations, tactical PSYOP forces provide a powerful capability to the supported commander.

PSYOP CORE TASKS AND ROLES

1-1. To accomplish the PSYOP mission, PSYOP Soldiers perform six core tasks:

Develop. Development involves the selection of Psychological Operations objectives (POs) and supporting Psychological Operations objectives (SPOs), measures of effectiveness (MOEs), target audience analysis (TAA), series development, individual product development, and approval. The analysis of propaganda and the development of counterpropaganda begin during development but are embedded throughout the other core tasks.

Design. Design is the technical aspect of taking what was conceptualized in the development stage and creating an audio, visual, or audiovisual prototype. This task demands technical expertise in many communication fields.

Produce. Production is the transformation of approved PSYOP product prototypes into various media forms that are compatible with the way foreign populations are accustomed to receiving information. Some production requirements may be contracted to private industry, while other requirements may be performed by units attached or under the tactical control (TACON) or operational control (OPCON) of PSYOP forces.

Survival-SHTF-Guide: fm 3-05-302 Tactical Psychological Operations Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

ELEMENTS OF COMBAT POWER

1-5. The elements of combat power are building blocks that underlie the generation of combat power. In land operations, commanders combine and apply the elements of combat power—maneuver, firepower, leadership, protection, and information—to meet constantly changing requirements, to produce overwhelming effects, and to defeat the enemy. Of the five elements of combat power, PSYOP are considered both an element of information and an element of firepower. By definition, PSYOP fall under the element of information because they are normally within the context of offensive information operations (IO); however, PSYOP are also considered an element of firepower because they are a means of nonlethal fires.

BATTLESPACE

1-6. To envision the part of the information environment within their battlespace, commanders determine the information activities that affect their operation and the capabilities of their own and opposing command and control (C2) and information systems. They must understand conceptually how the area of interest (AOI) and area of influence lie within the information environment (Figure 1-2). Operationally, PSYOP take place within the information environment.

BATTLEFIELD ORGANIZATION

1-7. The battlefield organization is the allocation of forces in the area of operations (AO) by purpose. It consists of three all-encompassing categories of operations—decisive, shaping, and sustaining. Purpose unifies all elements of the battlefield organization by providing the common focus for all actions.

1-8. PSYOP are primarily shaping operations. Shaping operations at any echelon create and preserve conditions for the success of the decisive operation. They include lethal and nonlethal activities conducted throughout the AO. Shaping operations support the decisive operation by affecting enemy capabilities and forces or by influencing enemy decisions.

1-9. Within the battlefield organization of decisive, shaping, and sustaining operations, commanders designate and shift the main effort. Thus, PSYOP, as a shaping operation, may be a unit’s main effort before the execution of the decisive operation.

This download has the full manual FM, for anyone, to show special forces technique, equipment, tactics, both FM-7, FM 4, C-1 and 4-20 and FM 100 multiservice procedures.

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